sexta-feira, 27 de novembro de 2009
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,
Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore,
While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.
"'Tis some visitor," I muttered, "tapping at my chamber door-
Only this, and nothing more."
Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December,
And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor.
Eagerly I wished the morrow;- vainly I had sought to borrow
From my books surcease of sorrow- sorrow for the lost Lenore-
For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore-
Nameless here for evermore.
And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain
Thrilled me- filled me with fantastic terrors never felt before;
So that now, to still the beating of my heart, I stood repeating,
"'Tis some visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door-
Some late visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door;-
This it is, and nothing more."
Presently my soul grew stronger; hesitating then no longer,
"Sir," said I, "or Madam, truly your forgiveness I implore;
But the fact is I was napping, and so gently you came rapping,
And so faintly you came tapping, tapping at my chamber door,
That I scarce was sure I heard you"- here I opened wide the door;-
Darkness there, and nothing more.
Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there wondering, fearing,
Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortals ever dared to dream before;
But the silence was unbroken, and the stillness gave no token,
And the only word there spoken was the whispered word, "Lenore!"
This I whispered, and an echo murmured back the word, "Lenore!"-
Merely this, and nothing more.
Back into the chamber turning, all my soul within me burning,
Soon again I heard a tapping somewhat louder than before.
"Surely," said I, "surely that is something at my window lattice:
Let me see, then, what thereat is, and this mystery explore-
Let my heart be still a moment and this mystery explore;-
'Tis the wind and nothing more."
It's a poetry very metaphoric. it compare the think with the fear, using the raven and the woman vision. All ilustrated was made by Gustave Doré (he drawed about 120 books, incluind the Bible and La commedia by Dante). Edgar Allan Poe is famous because he have a darkness tone in his works.
Charles Dickens was born in 1812 and He was a important English writer. In the childhood Dickens always read and liked it very much and when Dickens a child his father was jailed by divided. When He was 12 years old He worked in factory and his money helps his family. After when situation was better his mother left Dickens worked there. This event was important his critic social in the writers. When Charles was 20 years old wrote the first book and was a comedy critic. In the times He married with Catherine Hogarth who they have many children.
It was made a search about how many book people read a year, and Brazil has a horrible result: it’s reads only a read a year, if you compare with the American or France the result comes worst: the ordinary American reads around 11 books a year and the French reads about seven books.
In Brazil there is 77 millions people who don’t read (around 21 millions are analphabets), and between the 95 million people who read, read about 1,3 book a year. The search was made by Instituto pró-livro and the information are of Câmara Brasileira do Livro (CBL) and of Sindicato Nacional dos Editores de Livros (Snel).
quinta-feira, 26 de novembro de 2009
Camille Claudel wasn’t only the Rodin’s lover or Paul Claudel’s sister, but she was a wonderful artist. Hers skills with sculptures were better than Rodin art. Because he sign her sculptures as of her. However, she was forgotten by the time. Who is Camille?
She was born in Villeneuve (In France) in 1864 Camille always the favorite daughter for her father, but Her mother hated Camille. ( Her mother had angry because the good relationships between the her daughter and her husband) Camille Claude`s brother (Paul Claudel) had a good friendship with her sister all the life. In the childhood Camille began to make sculptures and when she was twelve years old she sculptured a great work in argil; her passion for sculpture did her to go to Paris to study the art. Camille went with her family, but hers father continued living in Villeneuve; and sometimes he visited his family.
In the time (1881) the women was censured to study in Bellas-Arts. So Camille rented a studio with three English women and she worked hard.
Camille met Rodin in 1883 when she was nineteen. He was 44 years old in there time. She began as an apprentice in his atelier. And soon they were lovers. But Rodin lived with Rose who he lived during 20 years. So, Mademoiselle Claudel never got married with him, but she was his lover for a decade. It speaks that she was pregnancy many times, but maybe she gave her baby or maybe she aborted the child. She never received no money for her work in Rodin’s atelier; when she was expulsed of her family’s home, in 1888, Rodin paid the expenditure and rented a simple house for her.
In 1893 Camille finished her relationships with Rodin but sometimes they met and traveled together till 1898 when the romance ends. So she began to fall into decay: She spent much money with material and she stayed alive with little money. Then she began to drink and drunk very much in this time and in a few time she started to fell delirious (Camille believed who Rodin stolen her ideas), in 1905, Camille began to destroy her sculptures to Rodin couldn’t stolen her.
In 1913, Camille’s father died and nobody comments to her, after then she was considered ungrateful because she didn’t go to her father’s funeral. In the same year, Camille was admitted in a hospice in Ville Evrard by her bother; and he was the only person who visited and wrote to her. Camille never was considered really insanity, but her family especially her mother never took her out of there. She died in 1943 in the hospital Montedevergues.
Her won was only Rodin, but she has a little case with Monsieur Claude Debussy. Today she began to be famous, through films, biographies and books, but mainly her letters.
The story was written by León Tolstoy and is a classical book of universal literature. Russian in the ninetieth century is stage for dramatic story about the love between Anna Karenina and Vronski. The drama is a critical about that time. For this there is a contrast between two couples: Anna Karenina and her lover and the Princess Kitty Tchierbatskaia and Liêvin.
In the start, the character was introduced and their first conflicts: Liêvin loves Kitty but the young princess is enchanted with earl Vronski, a military man, who has a solitary optional life. Kitty has hope to married with him. For this reason, she refuses Liêvin. He lives in a small village.
In the train station, the earl knows Anna Karenina who goes to Moscow to help her brother. In other words her brother had familiar problems and she travels near her family to calm him. Vronski falls in love with her, in she turn fells the same thing. However she is married and has a little child. After this moment, there is a high society ball. During this ball Anna and Vronski grow up the relationship. Kitty can see the attraction between them, due to she stays very sad. A day after the ball, Karenina returns to San Petersburg and Vronski follows her, from now on they are lovers and live with the secret love. However the high society begins to suspect the couple. While in Moscow, Kitty stays sick because her desolate love. Her family calls doctors who leave her to a thermal hospital.
In the continuous, Anna Karenina stays pregnant and she fells that her marriage is insupportable. So, she tells the truth to her husband (Alieksiei Aleiksandrovitch or Karênin) that prefers to continue the marriage in social conventions. They three (Anna Karenina, Karênin and Vronski) lives a tragic situation, till be born her daughter, then she runs away with her lover to Italy leaving her husband and her son. On the other hand, Kitty not only recovers her health but also changes her personality; consequently she gets married with Liêvin.
Anna and Vronski return to Russian and live a dramatic unhappy life, because the divorce and adultery are polemic themes in that time. The final is tragic, as a result of the Anna’s suicide in a train station.
The book not only is a critic about the Russian’s society but also is a rich document about the cultures and this time’s hobbies.
Mark Twain (1835 – 1910) is an important American writer. His stories have a typical humor and irony.
The Stolen White Elephant was written in 1879 and it is based on a real fact that happened a year before it: the body of a millionaire was stolen. The book is a critic comedy and laughs at the police force.
The Short story has three chapters: In the beginning the King of Siam gives a white elephant to the queen of England, but the animal is stolen in New York during the trip. So, the narrator (also the protagonist) searches the chief of police (Inspector Blunt). The protagonist makes a description of the animal and offers a reward for the White Elephant. Many detectives are looking for the animal. The newspapers publish theories about this. In the Police Office, Inspector Blunt and the protagonist receive many telegrams about the possible acts of the animal that is attacking the village and killing people, it disappears when it enters a fog forest.
In the last chapter, nobody knows about the Elephant for a long time. Soon the newspapers begin to satirize the police’s force. The narrator thinks of leaving on the mission, but chief Blunt has an idea. So, there is an agreement that the protagonist spends all his money and he is ruined because the chief of the police deceives him. The White Elephant is dead and the final is sarcastic: The police force has the money becomes famous and the narrator loses his job and he says ironically that admires the inspector.